P864Reconnection patterns of pulmonary veins during a repeat paroxysmal atrial fibrillation ablation
Background: Pulmonary vein (PV) reconduction after PV isolation (PVI) unmasked by adenosine is associated with a higher risk for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) recurrence. It is unknown if the reconnected PVs after adenosine testing and immediate re-ablation can predict reconnection and reconnection patterns of PVs at repeat procedures. We assessed reconnection of PVs with and without dormant-conduction (DC) during the first and the repeat procedure. Methods: We included 67 patients
... d 67 patients undergoing PVI for PAF and a second procedure for PAF recurrence. DC during adenosine administration at first procedure was seen in 31 patients (46%). 264 PVs were tested with adenosine; DC was found in 48 PVs (18%) and re-ablated during first procedure. During the second procedure, all PVs where checked for reconnection. Results: Fifty-eight patients (87%) showed PV reconnection during the second procedure. Reconnection was found in 152/264 PVs (58%). Of 216 PVs without reconnection during adenosine testing at the first ablation, 116 PVs (53.7%) showed reconnection at the repeat procedure. Overall, 14.9% of patients showed the same PV reconnection pattern in the first and second procedure, expected statistical probability of encountering the same reconnection pattern was only 6.6%(p ¼ 0.012). Conclusions: In repeat procedures PVs showed significantly more often the same reconnection pattern as during first procedure than statistically expected. More than 50% of initial isolated PVs without reconnection during adenosine testing showed a reconnection during repeat ablation. Techniques to detect susceptibility for PV re-connection like prolonged waiting-period should be applied. Elimination of DC should be expanded from segmental to circumferential re-isolation or vaster RF application.