Shared epitopes for HLA-A3-restricted melanoma-reactive human CTL include a naturally processed epitope from Pmel-17/gp100
Journal of Immunology
Human CD8+ CTL recognize peptides bound to class I MHC molecules on the surface of melanoma cells. Several peptides derived from melanocyte lineage-specific proteins have been identified as epitopes for HLA-A2 restricted melanoma-reactive CTL. Because less than half of melanoma patients express HLA-A2, it is important to identify CTL epitopes restricted by other common MHC molecules including HLA-A1 and -A3. We have generated HLA-A3-restricted human CTL that recognize one or more shared
... Ags. All of the melanomas recognized by one of these CTL lines express Pmel-17/gp100, and those that fail to express this Ag are not lysed. This CTL line also specifically recognizes the lymphoblastoid line C1R-A3 following infection with a recombinant vaccinia encoding the melanocyte lineage-specific protein Pmel-17/gp100. Thus, at least one Pmel-17/ gp100 peptide is an epitope for this CTL line. We have identified ALLAVGATK (Pmel-17/gp100 residues 17-25) as an epitope for this CTL line and have shown that it is naturally processed and presented by HLA-A3 on melanoma cells. A second HLA-A3-restricted melanoma-reactive CTL line recognizes at least one additional shared epitope. These findings suggest that cellular immune responses directed against multiple shared melanoma epitopes exist in the 20 to 25% of melanoma patients who express HLA-A3. In addition, immunotherapy directed against Pmel-17/gp100 and other shared melanoma Ags may be useful in a large subset of these patients.