Genetic Modifiers of Hereditary Neuromuscular Disorders and Cardiomyopathy

Sholeh Bazrafshan, Hani Kushlaf, Mashhood Kakroo, John Quinlan, Richard C. Becker, Sakthivel Sadayappan
<span title="2021-02-08">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Cells</a> </i> &nbsp;
Novel genetic variants exist in patients with hereditary neuromuscular disorders (NMD), including muscular dystrophy. These patients also develop cardiac manifestations. However, the association between these gene variants and cardiac abnormalities is understudied. To determine genetic modifiers and features of cardiac disease in NMD patients, we have reviewed electronic medical records of 651 patients referred to the Muscular Dystrophy Association Care Center at the University of Cincinnati
more &raquo; ... characterized the clinical phenotype of 14 patients correlating with their next-generation sequencing data. The data were retrieved from the electronic medical records of the 14 patients included in the current study and comprised neurologic and cardiac phenotype and genetic reports which included comparative genomic hybridization array and NGS. Novel associations were uncovered in the following eight patients diagnosed with Limb-girdle Muscular Dystrophy, Bethlem Myopathy, Necrotizing Myopathy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease, Peripheral Polyneuropathy, and Valosin-containing Protein-related Myopathy. Mutations in COL6A1, COL6A3, SGCA, SYNE1, FKTN, PLEKHG5, ANO5, and SMCHD1 genes were the most common, and the associated cardiac features included bundle branch blocks, ventricular chamber dilation, septal thickening, and increased outflow track gradients. Our observations suggest that features of cardiac disease and modifying gene mutations in patients with NMD require further investigation to better characterize genotype–phenotype relationships.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.3390/cells10020349</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:33567613</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:ituniupwxjaxzaaplrcv7c2fmy</a> </span>
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