Therapeutic Potential of Pluripotent Stem Cells for Cardiac Repair after Myocardial Infarction

Satomi Okano, Yuji Shiba
2019 Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin  
Myocardial infarction occurs as a result of acute arteriosclerotic plaque rupture in the coronary artery, triggering strong inflammatory responses. The necrotic cardiomyocytes are gradually replaced with noncontractile scar tissue that eventually manifests as heart failure. Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) show great promise for widespread clinical applications, particularly for tissue regeneration, and are being actively studied around the world to help elucidate disease mechanisms and in the
more » ... isms and in the development of new drugs. Human induced PSCs also show potential for regeneration of the myocardial tissue in experiments with small animals and in in vitro studies. Although emerging evidence points to the effectiveness of these stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes in cardiac regeneration, several challenges remain before clinical application can become a reality. Here, we provide an overview of the present state of PSC-based heart regeneration and highlight the remaining hurdles, with a particular focus on graft survival, immunogenicity, posttransplant arrhythmia, maintained function, and tumor formation. Rapid progress in this field along with advances in biotechnology are expected to resolve these issues, which will require international collaboration and standardization.
doi:10.1248/bpb.b18-00257 fatcat:w5232nzxjbcmllu5a5xt3y6qaq