Agricultural Trade Networks and Patterns of Economic Development

Shade T. Shutters, Rachata Muneepeerakul, Rodrigo Huerta-Quintanilla
2012 PLoS ONE  
International trade networks are manifestations of a complex combination of diverse underlying factors, both natural and social. Here we apply social network analytics to the international trade network of agricultural products to better understand the nature of this network and its relation to patterns of international development. Using a network tool known as triadic analysis we develop triad significance profiles for a series of agricultural commodities traded among countries. Results
more » ... a novel network "superfamily" combining properties of biological information processing networks and human social networks. To better understand this unique network signature, we examine in more detail the degree and triadic distributions within the trade network by country and commodity. Our results show that countries fall into two very distinct classes based on their triadic frequencies. Roughly 165 countries fall into one class while 18, all highly isolated with respect to international agricultural trade, fall into the other. Only Vietnam stands out as a unique case. Finally, we show that as a country becomes less isolated with respect to number of trading partners, the country's triadic signature follows a predictable trajectory that may correspond to a trajectory of development.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039756 pmid:22768310 pmcid:PMC3388097 fatcat:vkdqzzerr5hmzmzackkjw4grdy