Inhibition of inositol phosphate production is a late, Ca2+-dependent effect of D2 dopaminergic receptor activation in rat lactotroph cells
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The effect of dopamine, working through the activation of D2 receptors, on inositol phosphate production induced by thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) was investigated in rat pituitary lactotroph cells. Dopamine (10 microM) did not modify the initial rapid stimulation of inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate and inositol bisphosphate observed within the first 15 s after TRH addition, but progressively inhibited the later inositol phosphate production induced by the neurohormone. This kinetics of
... kinetics of inhibition was independent of dopamine preincubation time (from 2 to 10 min). The effect was still visible when dopamine was added after TRH. It was sensitive to pertussis toxin, was unchanged by increasing cellular cAMP levels with 8-Br-cAMP, but was greatly affected by treatments that modify the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration. Specifically, the dopamine-induced inhibition was prevented by treatment of the cells with the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin (100-200 nM) and was mimicked either by withdrawal of Ca2+ from the incubation medium or by blockade of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels with verapamil. The dopamine treatment did not decrease the cellular levels of the various phosphoinositides, strongly suggesting that the inhibition of inositol phosphate production is not due to precursor depletion. In isolated membranes, however, dopamine was unable to counteract the inositol phosphate accumulation triggered by TRH. Taken together, the data indicate that inhibition of inositol phosphate production is not a primary event triggered by D2 receptor activation, but is a late consequence, due to the previously demonstrated (Malgaroli, A., Vallar, L., Reza Elahi, F., Pozzan, T., Spada, A., and Meldolesi, J. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 13920-13927) inhibition by dopamine of the prolonged cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration increase induced by TRH via the activation of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. These results are inconsistent with the possibility of a direct inhibitory coupling of D2 receptors to phospholipase C in rat pituitary lactotroph cells.