Education and Health: Long-Run Effects of Peers, Tracking and Years

Martin Fischer, Ulf-G Gerdtham, Gawain Heckley, Martin Karlsson, Gustav Kjellsson, Therese Nilsson
2021 Economic Policy: A European Forum  
We investigate two parallel school reforms in Sweden to assess the long-run health effects of education. One reform only increased years of schooling, while the other increased years of schooling but also removed tracking leading to a more mixed socioeconomic peer group. By differencing the effects of the parallel reforms we separate the effect of de-tracking and peers from that of more schooling. We find that the pure years of schooling reform reduced mortality and improved current health.
more » ... erencing the effects of the reforms shows significant differences in the estimated impacts, suggesting that de-tracking and subsequent peer effects resulted in worse health.
doi:10.1093/epolic/eiaa027 fatcat:2z3zqwtkgvg3jbk36c6cql3bea