The principal mitochondrial K+ uniport is associated with respiratory complex I [article]

Michael Zemel, Alessia Angelin, Prasanth Potluri, Douglas Wallace, Francesca Fieni
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
Mitochondria generate ATP via coupling the negative electrochemical potential (proton motive force, Capital Greek (Deltap), consisting of a proton gradient (Capital Greek DeltapH+) and a membrane potential (Capital Greek Psim) across the respiratory chain, to phosphorylation of adenosine diphosphate nucleotide. In turn, DeltapH+ and Capital Greek Psim, are tightly balanced by the modulation of ionic uniporters and exchange-diffusion systems which preserve integrity of mitochondrial membranes
more » ... regulate ATP production. Here, we provide direct electrophysiological, pharmacological and genetic evidence that the main mitochondrial electrophoretic pathway for monovalent cations is associated with respiratory complex I, contrary to the long-held dogma that only H+ gradients are built across proteins of the mammalian electron transport chain. Here we propose a theoretical framework to describe how monovalent metal cations contribute to the buildup of H+ gradients and the proton motive force, extending the classical Mitchellian view on chemiosmosis and vectorial metabolism. Keywords: mitochondrial electrogenic transport, chemiosmotic theory, vectorial metabolism, whole-mitochondria electrophysiology.
doi:10.1101/2022.01.06.475251 fatcat:crxy2vkiwnfefnmo5lm7xeg5de