Microbial respiration per unit microbial biomass depends on litter layer carbon-to-nitrogen ratio

M. Spohn
2015 Biogeosciences  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Soil microbial respiration is a central process in the terrestrial carbon (C) cycle. In this study, I tested the effect of the carbon-to-nitrogen (C:N) ratio of soil litter layers on microbial respiration in absolute terms and per unit microbial biomass C. For this purpose, a global data set on microbial respiration per unit microbial biomass C – termed the metabolic quotient (<i>q</i>CO<sub>2</sub>) – was compiled from literature data. It was found that
more » ... sub>2</sub> in the soil litter layers was positively correlated with the litter C:N ratio and was negatively correlated with the litter nitrogen (N) concentration. The positive relation between <i>q</i>CO<sub>2</sub> and the litter C:N ratio resulted from an increase in respiration with the C:N ratio in combination with no significant effect of the litter C:N ratio on the soil microbial biomass C concentration. The results suggest that soil microorganisms respire more C both in absolute terms and per unit microbial biomass C when decomposing N-poor substrate. The reasons for the observed relationship between <i>q</i>CO<sub>2</sub> and the litter layer C:N ratio could be microbial N mining, overflow respiration or the inhibition of oxidative enzymes at high N concentrations. In conclusion, the results show that <i>q</i>CO<sub>2</sub> increases with the litter layer C:N ratio. Thus, the findings indicate that atmospheric N deposition, leading to decreased litter C:N ratios, might decrease microbial respiration in soils.</p>
doi:10.5194/bg-12-817-2015 fatcat:7fg2twmwknfrfcer5drvioe3pu