Bulk high-Tc superconductors with drilled holes: how to arrange the holes to maximize the trapped magnetic flux?

Gregory P Lousberg, M Ausloos, Ph Vanderbemden, B Vanderheyden
2008 Superconductors Science and Technology  
Drilling holes in a bulk high-Tc superconductor enhances the oxygen annealing and the heat exchange with the cooling liquid. However, drilling holes also reduces the amount of magnetic flux that can be trapped in the sample. In this paper, we use the Bean model to study the magnetization and the current line distribution in drilled samples, as a function of the hole positions. A single hole perturbs the critical current flow over an extended region that is bounded by a discontinuity line, where
more » ... the direction of the current density changes abruptly. We demonstrate that the trapped magnetic flux is maximized if the center of each hole is positioned on one of the discontinuity lines produced by the neighbouring holes. For a cylindrical sample, we construct a polar triangular hole pattern that exploits this principle; in such a lattice, the trapped field is ~20% higher than in a squared lattice, for which the holes do not lie on discontinuity lines. This result indicates that one can simultaneously enhance the oxygen annealing, the heat transfer, and maximize the trapped field.
doi:10.1088/0953-2048/21/02/025010 fatcat:xkwg7zfom5ctzd6255kxtynch4