A copy of this work was available on the public web and has been preserved in the Wayback Machine. The capture dates from 2018; you can also visit the original URL.
The file type is `application/pdf`

.

##
###
SCHEMATIC LEARNING OF THE ADDITION AND MULTIPLICATION TABLES | STICKS AS CONCRETE MANIPULATIVES

1998
unpublished

The numbers 1, 2,. .. , 20 are represented in the form of arrangements of horizontal and vertical lines and, when materialized, these lines are replaced by at, longitudinal, rectangular sticks each h a ving two sides dyed in two diierent colors. Sharp individuality of these arrangements is excellent for quick recognition of the numbers they represent. The way of arranging emphasizes the relation of the numbers 1, 2,. .. , 1 0 t o v e and ten and this \ten ngers" model is basic, both

fatcat:2hcl3q7udnaevj4inlvgl32hfm