Common or independent? The debate over regulations and standards for water reuse in Europe

John Fawell, Kristell Le Corre, Paul Jeffrey
2016 International Journal of Water Resources Development  
Unplanned water reuse has been practiced in numerous parts of Europe for many decades as a consequence of the need to use surface water that often contains a high proportion of treated wastewater. Recent years have seen multiple stresses on the supply demand balance driving a rapid increase in the number of planned reuse schemes for a variety of applications. The legislative and regulatory regime required to underpin this growing sector has arguably failed to emerge. In this paper we explore
more » ... paper we explore why this might have been the case and assess the arguments for and against common EU level legislation and standards for water reuse schemes. We use literature and secondary data to illustrate current arrangements, draw on examples and lessons from outside the EU, and compare and contrast the often contentious arguments for different forms of regulatory regime and their geographical remit. Our conclusions flag up a challenge for politicians and policy makers to move swiftly to establish appropriate regulatory systems and associated water quality standards in order to underpin the embryonic European water reuse sector.
doi:10.1080/07900627.2016.1138399 fatcat:2d7rxorhfvhc7lpt6p2nuia4na