Energy-efficient algebra kernels in FPGA for High Performance Computing

Federico Favaro, Ernesto Dufrechou, Pablo Ezzatti, Juan Pablo Oliver
2021 Journal of Computer Science and Technology  
The dissemination of multi-core architectures and the later irruption of massively parallel devices, led to a revolution in High-Performance Computing (HPC) platforms in the last decades. As a result, Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) are re-emerging as a versatile and more energy-efficient alternative to other platforms. Traditional FPGA design implies using low-level Hardware Description Languages (HDL) such as VHDL or Verilog, which follow an entirely different programming model than
more » ... ndard software languages, and their use requires specialized knowledge of the underlying hardware. In the last years, manufacturers started to make big efforts to provide High-Level Synthesis (HLS) tools, in order to allow a grater adoption of FPGAs in the HPC community.Our work studies the use of multi-core hardware and different FPGAs to address Numerical Linear Algebra (NLA) kernels such as the general matrix multiplication GEMM and the sparse matrix-vector multiplication SpMV. Specifically, we compare the behavior of fine-tuned kernels in a multi-core CPU processor and HLS implementations on FPGAs. We perform the experimental evaluation of our implementations on a low-end and a cutting-edge FPGA platform, in terms of runtime and energy consumption, and compare the results against the Intel MKL library in CPU.
doi:10.24215/16666038.21.e09 fatcat:mdmtw5cxrbhktn22mtl42xsp3a