Determination and Evaluation of Bioavailability of Vitamins from Different Multivitamin Supplements Using a Pig Model

Pan Yang, Huakai Wang, Longxian Li, Nan Zhang, Yongxi Ma
2021 Agriculture  
This study was performed to evaluate the plasma vitamin kinetic behavior following oral vitamin supplement administration in pigs, and to determine the bioavailability of vitamins. A total of 36 pigs (fitted with jugular catheters) with an average body weight of 25 ± 2.24 kg were divided into three treatment groups: (1) placebo, (2) non-microencapsulated multivitamins supplement, or (3) lipid matrix microencapsulated multivitamins supplement. The blood samples were obtained starting pre-meal
more » ... il 72 h post-meal for plasma vitamin analysis. Pharmacokinetic parameters were modeled with a non-compartmental method. The AUC (Area under the curve) from the time of dosing to the time of the last observation, Cmax (Maximum observed concentration), and MRT (Mean residence time) of α-tocopherol from oral non-microencapsulated supplement were significantly lower than oral microencapsulated supplement (p < 0.01). The average relative bioavailability of vitamin A (VA) and vitamin E (VE) from microencapsulated supplement was greater than that from non-microencapsulated supplement, but relative bioavailability of vitamin K3 (VK3) and water-soluble vitamins from microencapsulated supplement was lower than non-microencapsulated supplement. The AUC and Cmax of menadione, thiamine, and riboflavin from microencapsulated supplement were significantly lower than these parameters from oral non-microencapsulated supplement. Lipid matrix microencapsulation was able to delay absorption and improved the bioavailability of VE, whereas there were limited effects of microencapsulation on vitamin D (VD), VK3, and water-soluble vitamins.
doi:10.3390/agriculture11050418 doaj:49632efdc58b43ac9f873680364ab850 fatcat:hmbdj4x44nhd7pzlpfyowos7qe