MetaVA: Curriculum Meta-learning and Pre-fine-tuning of Deep Neural Networks for Detecting Ventricular Arrhythmias based on ECGs
Ventricular arrhythmias (VA) are the main causes of sudden cardiac death. Developing machine learning methods for detecting VA based on electrocardiograms (ECGs) can help save people's lives. However, developing such machine learning models for ECGs is challenging because of the following: 1) group-level diversity from different subjects and 2) individual-level diversity from different moments of a single subject. In this study, we aim to solve these problems in the pre-training and fine-tuning
... stages. For the pre-training stage, we propose a novel model agnostic meta-learning (MAML) with curriculum learning (CL) method to solve group-level diversity. MAML is expected to better transfer the knowledge from a large dataset and use only a few recordings to quickly adapt the model to a new person. CL is supposed to further improve MAML by meta-learning from easy to difficult tasks. For the fine-tuning stage, we propose improved pre-fine-tuning to solve individual-level diversity. We conduct experiments using a combination of three publicly available ECG datasets. The results show that our method outperforms the compared methods in terms of all evaluation metrics. Ablation studies show that MAML and CL could help perform more evenly, and pre-fine-tuning could better fit the model to training data.