Precepts and practices of ecological sustainability in the city as reflected in Baulism: An empirical evidence

Md. Hafiz Iqbal, Farid Ahmed, Ibrahim Habib
2016 IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science  
Ecological sustainability is rapidly deteriorating. People"s ignorance of the non-disconnectable relationships between humans and nature is the main cause behind this ecological degradation. Baul philosophy spontaneously reflects this issue, underlying causes, and the possible solutions through Baul songs, discourses, and lifestyle. Followers of Baul philosophy are known as Bauls and they are the popular and globally recognized mentors for ecological knowledge to the people of Bangladesh. The
more » ... f Bangladesh. The Bouls are seen to practice stewardship in their lifestyle that can reinforce regeneration of ecological capitals. Boul songs reveal that it is human obligation to manage individual, social, economic, and ecological sustainability. Their spontaneously composed songs are soul stirring, and take the listeners closest to nature. Their stewardship is reflected through simple and natural lifestyle. The Bouls promote non-violence, and non-destruction of nature. Boul philosophy inspired stewardship fulfils religious unity within the eco-cultural diversity of Bangladesh. Bauls philosophy can ensure the ecological sustainability in the cities. This study set its objective as analyzing Baul conception regarding natural wholeness, and justifying Baoul"s demonstration of life management. To fulfill the research objectives, this study depends upon In-depth Interview, Focused Group Discussion, Key Informant Interview, relevant documents, and observations. Provision of the co-existence of flora and fauna with harmonious relationship and optimum exploitation, extraction, and consumption of finite natural resources can uplift the environmental situation and hence to develop the urban condition to live. This study argues that sustainability as a dynamic entity generated by the synergies between stewardship attitude to social growth and managing ecological footprint. The findings of this study ensure the sustainability of cities, and provide a robust basis for urban planners, policy makers, researchers, government, and development partners for development of specific policies, further research, and project to lessen the vulnerability in the urban area.
doi:10.9790/0837-2109062935 fatcat:7ch3lpoonfeapcqsfxfir24feu