V. Druzhynina, G. Likhonosova, V. Nozhenko, G. Lutsenko
2022 Efektyvna ekonomika  
Formulation of the problem. The educational reform has led to profound changes in the curriculum. It was unambiguously preferable to abandon the encyclopaedic model of acquiring knowledge in favour of activating students to creative activity. This is at the heart of the new curriculum. Other factors -social and psychologicalcontributed to the crisis of the methods used in education today. Until now, the traditional teaching methods used have been based on the teacher as the only source of
more » ... dge or on teamwork. Most often these were: informational lecture, description, story. Currently, in accordance with the new curriculum, the role of the teacher in the educational process is changing. From the position of a teacher, he becomes an organizer, coordinator and coach of students' work, introducing them to creative activity. In this process, traditional methods are no longer sufficient. Preparing a young person for life in a society filled with information and consumption is a difficult task that requires an active attitude from both the teacher and the student. The most important thing in the learning process and decisive for the success of the methods used is effective communication between the student and the teacher. Analysis of recent researches and publications. In the last decade, the issue of economic and financial security has become very important in Ukraine. This is evidenced by the attention of scientists to the problem, a significant number of studies on this issue [1, p. 57; 2, p. 2053]. In these works, a wide range of problems of economic security in the spheres of production, distribution and consumption in the regional aspect is investigated. However, despite the multifaceted nature of the research and the importance of the obtained constructive results, some problems of financial security remain unexplored to date, which highlights the need for in-depth study. Such problems, in particular, include the identification and study of the role and mechanisms of the impact of education on financial security in the country, industries, regions, individual industrial and social facilities. The thesis that education plays an important role in ensuring the economic, financial and, consequently, national security of the country, is now generally accepted. However, the mechanisms of the positive impact of education on the economic development of society and its socio-economic stability to date remain poorly understood. The purpose of the article is to analyse the most popular innovative educational methods and forms of education in higher educational institutions, to identify the degree of their impact on the level of financial security, impact on the productive potential and social stability of the country. Results. In Ukrainian didactics, methods are usually divided into three groups: verbal, visual and practical. According to research, the most in-demand methods for the formation of a modern communicative student are those that are classified as practical. Verbal and observation methods enrich students' knowledge. In practical methods, the application of knowledge comes to the fore. This method is intended not only to recreate the acquired knowledge, but, above all, to expand it and acquire new ones. The weakness of this traditional classification of methods is that it does not include methods that have become a permanent part of the didactic textbook repertoire -they are active methods, the assumption of which is to involve students in the didactic process. The use of active methods has a positive effect not only on the student (knowledge and skills acquired on their own are more durable), but also on the teacher, putting him in the role of a researcher and creator [3]. The essence of active methods is the advantage of teaching over teaching. Learning for students is the use of active methods that lead to constant changes in thinking and action in order to gain new experiences. Teaching from a teacher's perspective is the use of activation methods that rely on the interaction of the mentor (teacher) and the student in order to bring about changes in the student. Student-centred methods provide a higher and better quality of learning than methods that are not inspiring or have little effect. The choice of teaching method depends on the objectives of the classes, the age of the student, the level of his knowledge and educational base. According to Fundacja im. Stefan Batory shows that the method largely determines the amount of knowledge gained. The use of active methods in university practice leads to: -increasing the effectiveness of teaching and learning; -opportunities to motivate students to take action; -opportunities for the development of creative thinking, student and own creativity, the integration of knowledge in various subjects; -the ability to cooperate and communicate in a group; -the ability to organize one's own work and the work of others. Identification of innovative teaching methods. Increasingly, teachers come to the conclusion that students trained in administration methods have a certain amount of knowledge, but cannot use it in problem situations [4, p. 34]. For a teenager to be able to solve problems, it is necessary to provide him with the opportunity to gain knowledge in the process of independent research. This is the chance that activation methods offer. Activation of students is all the actions of teachers and students that ensure
doi:10.32702/2307-2105-2022.2.9 fatcat:htr7ndoeazge5gvlxktyijppgu