Elasticity and piezoelectricity of zinc oxide crystals, single layers, and possible single-walled nanotubes

Z. C. Tu, X. Hu
2006 Physical Review B  
The elasticity and piezoelectricity of zinc oxide (ZnO) crystals and single layers are investigated from the first-principles calculations. It is found that a ZnO thin film less than three Zn-O layers prefers a planar graphite-like structure to the wurtzite structure. ZnO single layers are much more flexible than graphite single layers in the elasticity and stronger than boron nitride single layers in the piezoelectricity. Single-walled ZnO nanotubes (SWZONTs) can exist in principle because of
more » ... heir negative binding energy. The piezoelectricity of SWZONTs depends on their chirality. For most ZnO nanotubes except the zigzag type, twists around the tube axis will induce axial polarizations. A possible scheme is proposed to achieve the SWZONTs from the solid-vapor phase process with carbon nanotubes as templates.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.74.035434 fatcat:3moxoxpu6fcjjhw63bdgwemmee