Direct Data Mining from the Electronic Medical Record to Assess and Improve Compliance With Infection Prevention Bundles

Janet Conner, Joan Ivaska
2020 Infection control and hospital epidemiology  
Bundles have been proven to reduce the risk of healthcare-associated infections and to provide for rapid recognition and response for the best outcome in patients with sepsis. Each element alone does not provide the statistical significance that all elements together allow. Providing near real-time compliance with bundle measures to clinical staff can drive performance improvement with the bundle during the patient's hospital stay, resulting in improved clinical care and prevention of
more » ... ention of infection. Methods: In 2019, 3 clinical initiatives were chartered that applied evidence-based bundles for early identification and treatment of sepsis, prevention of healthcare-associated pneumonia (HAP), and prevention of surgical site infection. The bundle included the following elements: assessment of sepsis, measurement of lactic acid, collection of blood culture, timely administration of antibiotics. The HAP bundle included the following elements: assessment of aspiration risk, elevation of the head of the bed, oral care twice daily and preoperatively, and incentive spirometry postoperatively. And the SSI bundle included the following elements: preoperative CHG bath, appropriate preoperative antibiotic, perioperative glucose control, and perioperative temperature control. A multidisciplinary team developed and implemented dashboards that extracted bundle elements from the electronic medical record (EMR) nightly. Bundle compliance was calculated at the individual element level as well as the aggregate. Bundle failure data were available at the patient level as well as in aggregate by care location and provider, allowing for real-time feedback to staff and creation of improvement plans. An unanticipated benefit was the identification and correction of charting inconsistencies. Results: Collection, aggregation, and analysis of bundle compliance data were displayed in a system dashboard, and data were refreshed nightly. This approach allowed us to display overall bundle compliance at the facility and system level, including a heat map showing each facility's compliance with the bundle and each associated element. Utilization of an EMR dashboard allowed for performance review on 100% of eligible patients rather than a sample, as occurs with manual review and abstraction processes. Routine review of performance via the dashboards with frontline staff, clinical leaders, medical staff, and executives has resulted in month-by- month improvement in bundle compliance. Conclusions: Direct data mining, data aggregation and analysis, followed by direct feedback to frontline staff, has resulted in steady improvement in overall bundle compliance, compliance with individual bundle components, and standardization of charting in the EMR. This approach has ultimately resulted in better outcomes for sepsis patients, reduction in healthcare-associated pneumonia, and reduction in surgical site infections.Funding: NoneDisclosures: None
doi:10.1017/ice.2020.511 fatcat:jquniibumvd2nmfrr7ahosfhva