Microstructure and defect analysis in the vicinity of blisters in polycrystalline tungsten

A. Manhard, U. von Toussaint, M. Balden, S. Elgeti, T. Schwarz-Selinger, L. Gao, S. Kapser, T. Płociński, J. Grzonka, M. Gloc, Ł. Ciupiński
2017 Nuclear Materials and Energy  
Up to now, analyzing the production of dislocation-type defects in the subsurface region of plasma or ion-exposed tungsten samples has been hampered by the challenging production of suitable cross-section samples for transmission electron microscopy. We present two reliable methods based on precision electropolishing to prepare cross-sections of tungsten that allow direct imaging of dislocation-type defects by scanning as well as by transmission electron microscopy. Using these methods, we are
more » ... se methods, we are able to demonstrate a clear enhancement of the dislocation density in the caps of blisters on tungsten exposed to H isotope plasma, i.e., of surface morphologies that are correlated to subsurface cavities. As a benchmark, we also show a cross-section of tungsten irradiated by 20 MeV W 6+ ions.
doi:10.1016/j.nme.2016.10.014 fatcat:i7radgx2frcnpnngayfchme7ay