In planta transcriptomics reveals conflicts between pattern-triggered immunity and the AlgU sigma factor regulon [article]

Haibi Wang, Amelia Lovelace, Amy Smith, Brian H Kvitko
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
In previous work, we determined the transcriptomic impacts of flg22 pre-induced Pattern Triggered Immunity (PTI) in Arabidopsis thaliana on the pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 (Pto). During PTI exposure we observed expression patterns in Pto reminiscent of those previously observed in a Pto algU mutant. AlgU is a conserved extracytoplasmic function sigma factor which has been observed to regulate over 950 genes in Pto in vitro. We sought to identify the AlgU regulon in
more » ... which PTI-regulated genes overlapped with AlgU-regulated genes. In this study, we analyzed transcriptomic data from RNA-sequencing to identify the AlgU in planta regulon and its relationship with PTI. Our results showed that approximately 224 genes are induced by AlgU, while another 154 genes are downregulated by AlgU in Arabidopsis during early infection. Both stress response and virulence-associated genes were induced by AlgU, while the flagellar motility genes are downregulated by AlgU. Under the pre-induced PTI condition, more than half of these AlgU-regulated genes have lost induction/suppression in contrast to naive plants, and almost all function groups regulated by AlgU were affected by PTI.
doi:10.1101/2022.01.03.474781 fatcat:btoxvsnx4nfz7bdmedpn46rdsq