Sex biases in cancer and autoimmune disease incidence are correlated across human tissues [article]

David Robert Crawford, Sanju Sinha, Nishanth Ulhas Nair, Bríd M Ryan, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Stephen M Mount, Ayelet Erez, Kenneth Aldape, Philip E Castle, Padma S Rajagopal, Chi-Ping Day, Alejandro A Schäffer (+1 others)
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Cancer occurs more frequently in men while autoimmune diseases (AIDs) occur more frequently in women. To explore whether these sex biases have a common basis, we collected 170 AID incidence studies from many countries for tissues that have both a cancer type and an AID that arise from that tissue. Analyzing a total of 182 country-specific, tissue-matched cancer-AID incidence rate sex bias data pairs, we find that the sex biases observed in the incidence of AIDs and cancers that occur in the
more » ... tissue are correlated across human tissues. Among key factors that have been previously associated with sex bias in either AID or cancer incidence, we find that the sex bias in the expression of the 37 genes encoded in the mitochondrial genome and the expression of a few immune pathways stand out as common key factors whose levels across human tissues are strongly associated with these incidence rate sex biases.
doi:10.1101/2021.09.07.459207 fatcat:sxebnw3w35hadjnculng3j6d6i