Acoustic and optical methods to infer water transparency at the Time Series Station Spiekeroog, Wadden Sea (southern North Sea)

Anne-Christin Schulz, Thomas H. Badewien, Shungudzemwoyo P. Garaba, Oliver Zielinski
2016 Ocean Science Discussions  
Water transparency is a key indicator of optical water quality that is driven by suspended particulate and dissolved material. In this study we carried out an intercomparison of observations related to water transparency, determine correlations among the measured parameters and demonstrate the utility of both acoustic and optical tools in monitoring water transparency. The data set used here is from the operational Time Series Station Spiekeroog located at a tidal inlet of the Wadden Sea. An
more » ... e Wadden Sea. An Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler was used to obtain acoustic measurements in the water column. Optical observations were determined using a set of three radiometers above water to collect radiometric quantities and a turbidity sensor within the water column. Bio-fouling was identified as a source of anomaly in turbidity measurements. We observed significant correlations between in-situ optically measured turbidity and derived turbidity from above water color sensing and acoustic backscattering strength. These findings underline that both optical and acoustic measurements can be reasonable proxies of water transparency with the potential to mitigate gaps and increase data quality in long-time observation of marine environments.
doi:10.5194/os-2016-24 fatcat:7p4rfqsoufhjxblr4q4aysmj4q