INFLUENCE OF PATRONAGE ON CAREER DEVELOPMENT AMONG ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF IN PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES: A CASE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ELDORET, KENYA
Lack of career advancement in most institutions of higher learning is an area of great interest and concern. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to examine the influence of patronage on career development among administrative staff in public universities. A case study research design was adopted for the study. A census sampling technique was employed where the entire target population of 134 was used. However, 130 questionnaires were returned to the researcher. Questionnaires containing
... ires containing closed ended questions with the help of Likert scales were used. Data analysis was done using descriptive and Spearman correlation. Presentation of the findings was in form of tables and graphs. Results indicated that majority of the respondents agreed that patronage (ethnicity, tribalism, favorism and biasness) was practiced at UOE. The study further revealed that patronage had a negative significant association (p<0.05, r=-.977) with career development. The study has recommended among other things, that institutions of higher learning should adopt flexible structure and systems to reduce the effect of patronage on career development of their employees.