Letters to the Editor

Paul C. Reynolds, Kenneth T. Furukawa, Stephen G. Waller, Bruce K. Bohnker, Scott Thornton, Narayan Deshmukh, Elias E. Mazokopakis, Emmanuel S. Ganotakis, Christos D. Lionis
<span title="2003-05-01">2003</span> <i title="Oxford University Press (OUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/p2g77rcmcjaozgihldxgdylqs4" style="color: black;">Military medicine</a> </i> &nbsp;
The Oxford Miniature Vaporizer (aMY) 50 and the Ohmeda Portable Anesthesia Complete (PAC) are the modern draw-over anesthetic vaporizers used to deliver anesthesia in austere and battlefield conditions. These vaporizers are used by the British and American armed forces involved in far forward surgical team (FST) support of military actions. Light weight and rugged draw-over anesthetic vaporizers are considered a mainstay of battlefield anesthetic techniques. Drawover anesthesia is also used in
more &raquo; ... hird world countries where logistical and technical support will not allow the use of more conventional anesthesia apparatuses. In austere locations, versatility of manpower and equipment are a must. The Ohmeda PAC augments the versatility of the FST's, allowing the practitioner to deliver a variety of agents: halothane, isoflurane, enflurane or diethyl ether. Any one of these agents can be used depending on its availability. Most anesthesiologists are not acquainted with drawover anesthesia delivery. In the United States Army the Forward Surgical Teams deployed with each maneuver brigade are equipped with the Ohmeda PAC as the primary anesthesia apparatus. Despite work on a New Field Anesthesia Machine the American and British forces will rely on the drawover technology for the foreseeable future in austere and battlefield medical support operations.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/168.5.ii">doi:10.1093/milmed/168.5.ii</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12775161">pmid:12775161</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6e2hktbltjakflckcikbfeihs4">fatcat:6e2hktbltjakflckcikbfeihs4</a> </span>
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