Gender Matters: Using an Ecological Lens to Understand Female Crime and Disruptive Behavior [chapter]

Shabnam Javdani
2012 Perceptions of Female Offenders  
Women and girl's crime and disruptive behavior represent important and growing social problems. The increase in criminalization of adolescent girls' behaviors is particularly alarming, as evidence indicates that girls' arrests over the past several decades has been increasing while that of boys has remained constant or decreased. For instance, in 2003, more than 643,000 arrests were made involving juvenile females, representing 29% of all youth arrests. Over 40% of these arrests were for
more » ... sts were for property crime, running away, and curfew violations (Snyder, 2005 ) . Moreover, while the total juvenile arrest rate has been decreasing over the last 20 years, it has been steadily increasing for girls. This increase in the arrest rate has been particularly dramatic for drug abuse violations and violent crime, such as assault (Snyder, 2005 ) . Scholars across disciplines have increasingly encouraged the development of female-focused theories (
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-5871-5_2 fatcat:ehjpwv45ejhs3jzgzi32rno5de