In Vitro Fertilization and Cortical Granule Distribution of Bovine Oocytes Having Heterogeneous Ooplasm with Dark Clusters
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
In vitro maturation, fertilization and subsequent development of oocytes with homogeneous (category 1), or heterogeneous ooplasm (category 2) were investigated. No significant differences were observed in the nuclear maturation and total fertilization rates between the two categories. However, category 2 oocytes showed a higher normal fertilization rate due to their lower incidence of polyspermy as compared to category 1 oocytes. Electron microscopic study revealed that all category 2 oocytes
... d cortical granules lined up next to the plasma membrane, and that some category 1 oocytes still had small clusters of cortical granules after maturation. Although the proportion of cleaved zygotes was higher in category 2, the percentages of cleaved zygotes that developed to the blastocyst stage did not differ between the two categories. These results demonstrate that oocytes with heterogeneous ooplasm have a higher capacity for normal fertilization due to the reduction in polyspermy. This can be attributed to the normal distribution of cortical granules in category 2 oocytes after maturation. -KEY WORDS: bovine, cortical granule, fertilization, morphology.