Educational Writings

1916 The Elementary school journal  
Some of the most important changes which have been made in the school program in recent years are those which have introduced courses giving special training for the trades and for commercial work. Vocational courses have been demanded by employers and by students. The effort has been made on the part of school people to organize such courses in accordance with the needs of the communities in which the schools are located. There has, however, been very little systematic study of the problem,
more » ... of the problem, either through an analysis of the life of the community or through a study of the methods of the courses themselves. The result is that schools have undertaken a great variety of experiments in industrial education. We have now arrived at a period when this type of training is evidently to be subjected to a careful analysis. A number of reports of surveys have just been published, giving to the educational world the results of investigations extending over the past two years. Indeed, it is a notable fact that the body of good scientific literature on industrial education has been so enlarged during the last two months that from this point on any organization of industrial courses must be based on a type of information heretofore unavailable. The National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education is to be credited with the first steps in this field. Secondly, the Cleveland Survey is issuing several monographs on the various trades, which follow immediately upon the appearance of the two reports of the National Society. Part of this published material will appeal to the teachers in secondary schools more than it does to teachers in elementary schools. Indeed, until recently the problem of vocational education has been thought of as a high-school problem. It has been natural that this should be so, because the legal age when children can enter industry is beyond the assumed age of children completing the elementary course. As the studies have gone forward, however, it has become increasingly evident that the whole school 457
doi:10.1086/454504 fatcat:6rhcoklxwzeulo54yvnxzg4vue