Virulence factors of Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida strains associated with infections in turbot Psetta maxima

EP Lago, TP Nieto, R Farto
2012 Diseases of Aquatic Organisms  
Virulence factors for Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida (ASS) strains isolated from cultured turbot Psetta maxima L. are unknown with regard to this host. The presence of virulence genes associated with different stages of ASS infection in salmonids (vapA, tapA, fla, ascV, ascC, aexT, satA and aspA) was analysed using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique in ASS strains isolated from turbot. Other ASS strains isolated from salmonids and environmental A. salmonicida (AS) strains
more » ... included for comparison. The presence of the genes was evaluated with respect to ASS virulence in turbot based on intraperitoneal and bath challenges. The genetic profile, including all of the genes studied, that was linked to virulent behaviour after intraperitoneal challenge was significantly more frequent in strains isolated from turbot than in those from salmonids or the environment. The data prove that it is not possible to predict the virulence of ASS in turbot based only on the presence of all genes tested. Moreover, the combined PCR results of vapA, aexT, ascV and ascC were useful for separating most of the ASS from environmental A. salmonicida strains. An association between virulence or genetic profile and the geographical or facility origin of the strains was not found. KEY WORDS: Aeromonas salmonicida · Virulence · PCR · Turbot · Intraperitoneal challenge · Bath challenge Resale or republication not permitted without written consent of the publisher Editorial responsibility: Catherine Collins,
doi:10.3354/dao02467 pmid:22691983 fatcat:zee3dfcu5ngx7ckkkw32g7zr54