Relationship on the Type A/B Personality, Attitudes and Behaviors to Oral Care in Intensive Care Unit Nurses

KyungJa Chon, NamYoung Yang
2016 International Journal of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology  
In this study, type A/B personality, attitude and behavior on oral care in intensive care unit nurses are investigated in which it is a descriptive investigation research attempted to provide basic data to prepare strategies to enhance attitude and behavior on oral care. 160 nurses working in intensive care units in 4 general hospitals located in D metropolitan city were selected as the research subjects and the period of data collection was from July 1 st to July 15 th 2014. Regarding the
more » ... Regarding the research tools, FTA (Framingham Type A Behavior Pattern) that Haynes et al. (1978) Pender (1996) was used to measure attitude on oral care, and the behavior measuring tool based on oral care guidelines developed by Ahn Jin Hee (2006) was used to measure behavior about oral care. SPSS PC⁺20.0 for Windows program was used for analysis by real number, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé, and Pearson correlation coefficient. The research results are as follow. For the personality type of the research subjects, 79 subjects were in the type A group (49.4%), 81 subjects were in the type B group (50.6%), the attitude on oral care showed score of 2.83±0.27 points from a total of 4 points, and the behavior about oral care showed score of 2.81±0.29 points from a total of 4 points. Attitude on oral care by general characteristics in the subjects showed statistically significant difference according to age, marital status, education level, religion, total clinical career, clinical career in intensive care units, and position, behavior about oral care by general characteristics in the subjects showed statistically significant difference according to total clinical career and clinical career in intensive care units, and correlation between attitude and behavior on oral care showed statistically significant positive correlation between attitude and behavior on oral care. From the results above, attitude on oral care must be positively acquired to enhance behavior about oral care in nurses in intensive care units and benefits on oral care should be emphasized to reduce barriers and increase self-efficacy to make this possible . developed and adapted by Son Yeo Jin et al. (2001) was used to measure type A/B personality, the oral care attitude measuring tool developed by Kim Seuk Hee (2012) based on the health improvement model by
doi:10.14257/ijbsbt.2016.8.2.36 fatcat:ur4r3yedura4tks3a2yi6wjlse