Smart Food Supply Chain using Blockchain Technology
Food supply chain encompass all of the activities involved in the transformation of raw materials into food products. As food supply chains become more complex, the potential for food fraud increases. Food fraud is a global issue that affects all consumers. Food traceability makes it possible to trace all the steps a food has taken from its origin, through its transformation process until it ends up with the consumer. It is an essential system for controlling the risks that can affect the food
... upply chain. The traditional supply chains are centralized and they depend on a third party for trading. These centralized systems lack in transparency. The Main objective of this research is to implement a blockchainbased Food (Agri-Food) supply chain that leverages the key features of blockchain and deployed over Hyperledger fabric blockchain network. Although blockchain provides immutability of data in the network, it still fails to solve some major problems in supply chain management like credibility of the involved entities, privacy of the data. The proposed system can ensure the credibility by adding the certificates that are issued by the certification authorities (e.g., GFSI, ISO, HACCP) from the food industry and data privacy by implementing system using consortium-based block chain (e.g., Hyperledger Fabric). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License book on native when a new block is verified and recorded on the main chain, which means all the nodes have same transaction that records all the transactions. The certificates added by the participant is used to identify the regulatory method and standards that the participants are following in their level of the food supply chain which in turn give credibility for their transactions. This implementation can be extended to consider the accountability and auditability of the data delivered and automated payments during the trading and delivery.