المشروعات الصغیرة وأثرها فی التنمیة الاقتصادیة :مصر نموذجا

راویة عبدالقار عویس
2016 المجلة العلمیة للدراسات التجاریة والبیئیة  
ٙٔ ‫األول‬ ‫العدد‬ ‫السابع‬ ‫المجلد‬ 2016 ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫التنمية‬ ‫في‬ ‫وأثرها‬ ‫الصغيرة‬ ‫المشروعات‬ : ‫نموذجا‬ ‫مصر‬ ............. ‫عويس‬ ‫ادر‬ ‫الق‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫راوية‬ ‫د.‬ ‫اٌّضٍٟ.ٚثبٌشغُ‬ ‫ثبٌطش٠مخ‬ ‫ٚاسادرٗ‬ ‫ِششٚػٗ‬ ‫ٔغبػ‬ ‫ػٍٝ‬ ‫اٌّبٌه‬ ‫ٚؽشص‬ ‫ثبداسرٗ،‬ ( ‫اٌظغ١شح‬ ‫اٌّششٚػبد‬ ‫أْ‬ ِٓ SSE -Small Scale Enterprises ‫رؾظٝ‬ ) ‫فٟ‬ ‫رخزٍف‬ ‫ٚأعجبثٗ‬ ‫ا٨٘زّبَ‬ ‫ِٕطٍك‬ ‫فبْ‬ ‫ٚإٌبِ١خ،‬ ‫اٌّزمذِخ‬ ‫اٌذٚي‬ ‫ٚسػب٠خ‬ ‫ثب٘زّبَ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اٌذٚي‬ ‫فٟ‬ ‫ػٕٙب‬ ‫اٌّزمذِخ‬ ‫اٌذٚي‬ ‫٘زٖ‬ ‫أّ٘١خ‬ ‫أدسوذ‬ ‫اٌّزمذِخ‬
more » ... فبٌذٚي‬ ‫ٌٕبِ١خ،‬ ‫ٚاٌىجشٜ‬ ‫اٌّزٛعطخ‬ ‫اٌّششٚػبد‬ ‫رغز٠خ‬ ‫فٟ‬ ‫دٚس‬ ِٓ ‫ٌٙب‬ ‫ٌّب‬ ‫اٌّششٚػبد‬ ِٓ ‫إٌٛع‬ ‫ثٙزا‬ ‫ا٘زّبِٙب‬ ‫٠ؤرٟ‬ ‫إٌبِ١خ‬ ‫اٌذٚي‬ ‫فٟ‬ ‫أِب‬ ‫اٌٛع١ط١خ،‬ ‫ثبٌّٕزغبد‬ ‫ػًّ‬ ‫فشص‬ ‫ٚ٦٠غبد‬ ‫ا٦لزظبدٞ،‬ ‫ا٦ط٩ػ‬ ‫اعشاءاد‬ ِٓ ً ‫ِٕطٍمب‬ ‫اٌّششٚػبد‬ ِٓ ‫اٌّزضا٠ذح‬ ‫ٌ٥ػذاد‬ ‫اٌؼًّ.‬ ‫عٛق‬ ‫اٌٝ‬ ‫اٌخشع١ٓ‬ ٕٙ ‫األول‬ ‫العدد‬ ‫السابع‬ ‫المجلد‬ 2016 ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫التنمية‬ ‫في‬ ‫وأثرها‬ ‫الصغيرة‬ ‫المشروعات‬ : ‫نموذجا‬ ‫مصر‬ ............. ‫عويس‬ ‫ادر‬ ‫الق‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫راوية‬ ‫د.‬ Abstract: Small and medium enterprises occupies a significant importance with the Economic decision-makers in developed and developing countries as these projects have a pivotal role in economic and social development. And it reflected its importance, in their ability to generate jobs at high rates and low capital cost. Also, small businesses ties background with medium and large projects, and contribute to increased income and diversification, and increase local value added, as well as characterized by the efficient use of capital because of the direct correlation to the ownership and management, and the willingness of the owner of the success of his project at an optimal way. Despite the fact that small enterprises (SSE -Small Scale Enterprises) receive the attention and care of developed and developing countries, the terms of interest and its causes vary in developed countries than developing countries. Developed countries realized the importance of these projects because of their role in feeding medium and large projects intermediate products. In developing countries, interest in this kind of projects comes from a platform of economic reform measures, and to find jobs for the growing numbers of graduates into the labor market. ٖٙ ‫األول‬ ‫العدد‬ ‫السابع‬ ‫المجلد‬ 2016 ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫التنمية‬ ‫في‬ ‫وأثرها‬ ‫الصغيرة‬ ‫المشروعات‬ : ‫نموذجا‬ ‫مصر‬ ............. ‫عويس‬ ‫ادر‬ ‫الق‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫راوية‬ ‫د.‬ ‫ٌٍجضج‬ ‫اٌعبَ‬ ‫اإلطبر‬ ‫اٌذراضخ:‬ ‫تطبؤالد‬ : ‫أوال‬ ‫ِغزٜٛ‬ ‫ػٍٝ‬ ‫اٌّزؼذدح‬ ‫اٌفشٚع‬ ‫راد‬ ‫اٌؼّ٩لخ‬ ‫اٌّئعغبد‬ ‫أزشبس‬ ‫سغُ‬ ‫ٚا٨عزّبػٟ‬ ‫ا٨لزظبدٞ‬ ‫اٌزٛاصْ‬ ‫أْ‬ َ ‫ا٨‬ ‫اٌذٚ٨ساد،‬ ‫ثٍّ١بساد‬ ‫رؼًّ‬ ‫ٚاٌزٟ‬ ‫اٌؼبٌُ‬ ‫اٌز٠ٓ‬ ‫اٌظغ١شح‬ ‫اٌّششٚػبد‬ ‫ٚأطؾبة‬ ‫ثبٌش٠بد٠١ٓ‬ ‫ا٨٘زّبَ‬ ‫ػٍ١ٙب‬ ‫٠ؾزُ‬ ‫اٌذٚي‬ ‫فٟ‬ ‫٠غبِشْٚ‬ ‫ا٦داس٠خ‬ ‫ثبٌمذساد‬ ‫اٌٛؽٕٟ‬ ‫ا٨لزظبد‬ ‫رشفذ‬ ‫طغ١شح‬ ً ‫أػّب٨‬ ‫ٚ٠ٕشئْٛ‬ ‫ٌٚزٌه‬ ‫ٚا٨عزّبػ١خ.‬ ‫ا٨لزظبد٠خ‬ ‫إٌبؽ١خ‬ ِٓ ‫اٌّغزّغ‬ ‫رٛاصْ‬ ‫ػٍٝ‬ ‫ٚرؼًّ‬ ‫ٚاٌفٕ١خ،‬ ‫ؽىِٛبد‬ ‫ِؼظُ‬ ‫عٙٛد‬ ‫رشو١ض‬ ‫ِؾً‬ ‫ٚاٌّزٛعطخ‬ ‫اٌظغ١شح‬ ‫اٌّششٚػبد‬ ‫أطجؾذ‬ ‫عٛاء.‬ ‫ؽذ‬ ‫ػٍٝ‬ ‫ٚإٌبِ١خ‬ ‫اٌّزمذِخ‬ ‫اٌذٚي‬ ‫ا‬ ‫عزؾبٚي‬ ‫اٌجؾش‬ ‫٘زا‬ ‫ٚفٟ‬ ‫اٌزبٌ١خ:‬ ‫اٌزغبإ٨د‬ ‫ػٓ‬ ‫ا٦عبثخ‬ ‫ٌجبؽضخ‬ --‫فٟ‬ ‫اٌّغزخذِخ‬ ‫اٌّؼب٠١ش‬ ٟ٘ ‫ِٚب‬ ‫اٌظغ١شح؟‬ ‫اٌّششٚػبد‬ ‫ِفَٙٛ‬ ٛ٘ ‫ِب‬ ‫رظٕ١فٙب؟‬ -‫اٌزّٕ١خ‬ ‫ٌزؾم١ك‬ ‫اٌظغ١شح‬ ‫اٌّششٚػبد‬ ‫ثٗ‬ ‫رمَٛ‬ ‫اٌزٞ‬ ‫اٌذٚس‬ ٛ٘ ‫ِب‬ ‫ا٨لزظبد٠خ؟‬ -‫اٌجطبٌخ،‬ ‫ِٚٛاعٙخ‬ ‫اٌّؼبفخ،‬ ‫اٌم١ّخ‬ ‫ػٍٝ‬ ‫اٌّششٚػبد‬ ‫ٌٙزٖ‬ ‫ا٤صش‬ ٛ٘ ‫ِب‬ ‫فشص‬ ‫ٚرٛف١ش‬ ‫اٌؼًّ؟‬ -‫ِظش؟‬ ‫فٟ‬ ‫اٌظغ١شح‬ ‫اٌّششٚػبد‬ ‫ٚالغ‬ ٛ٘ ‫ِب‬ -‫اٌزّٕ١خ‬ ‫ػٍٝ‬ ‫ٚأصش٘ب‬ ‫ِظش،‬ ‫فٟ‬ ‫اٌّششٚػبد‬ ‫ٌٙزٖ‬ ‫اٌّغزمجٍ١خ‬ ‫ا٢فبق‬ ٟ٘ ‫ِب‬ ‫ا٨لزظبد٠خ؟‬ ‫ٔزبئظ‬ ‫ػٍٝ‬ ‫اٌّجٕ١خ‬ ‫اٌزٛط١بد‬ ‫ثؼغ‬ ‫اٌجبؽضخ‬ ‫عزمذَ‬ ‫اٌجؾش‬ ‫ٔٙب٠خ‬ ‫ٚفٟ‬ ‫اٌجؾش.‬ ‫اٌجضخُخ:‬ ‫اٌّشىٍخ‬ : ‫حبُٔب‬ ‫اٌ‬ ‫اؽذٜ‬ ‫ٚاٌّزٛعطخ‬ ‫اٌظغ١شح‬ ‫اٌّششٚػبد‬ ‫رّضً‬ ‫ا٨لزظبد٠خ‬ ‫مطبػبد‬ ‫ٚاٌٙ١ئبد‬ ‫ٚاٌّششٚػبد‬ ‫وبفخ‬ ‫اٌؼبٌُ‬ ‫دٚي‬ ً َ ‫ج‬ ِ ‫ل‬ ِٓ ‫وج١ش‬ ‫ا٘زّبَ‬ ‫ػٍٝ‬ ‫رغزؾٛر‬ ‫اٌزٟ‬ ٙٗ ‫األول‬ ‫العدد‬ ‫السابع‬ ‫المجلد‬ 2016 ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫التنمية‬ ‫في‬ ‫وأثرها‬ ‫الصغيرة‬ ‫المشروعات‬ : ‫نموذجا‬ ‫مصر‬ ............. ‫عويس‬ ‫ادر‬ ‫الق‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫راوية‬ ‫د.‬ ‫األول‬ ‫العدد‬ ‫السابع‬ ‫المجلد‬ 2016 ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫التنمية‬ ‫في‬ ‫وأثرها‬ ‫الصغيرة‬ ‫المشروعات‬ : ‫نموذجا‬ ‫مصر‬ ............. ‫عويس‬ ‫ادر‬ ‫الق‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫راوية‬ ‫د.‬ ٙ6 ‫األول‬ ‫العدد‬ ‫السابع‬ ‫المجلد‬ 2016 ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫التنمية‬ ‫في‬ ‫وأثرها‬ ‫الصغيرة‬ ‫المشروعات‬ : ‫نموذجا‬ ‫مصر‬ ............. ‫عويس‬ ‫ادر‬ ‫الق‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫راوية‬ ‫د.‬
doi:10.21608/jces.2016.50676 fatcat:hh52x6uop5bv5mh2f2i6xjgusa