Recognition of Hearing Impairment Disability: First Comprehensive Study on the Deaf in Lebanon

Jules Joel Bakhos, Ghassan Sleilaty, Dany Khalaf, Rola Bou Serhal, Karen El Boustani, Elias Lattouf, Gerard Elie Bakhos, Nadira Samaha, Fadi Abou-Mrad
2022 International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology  
People with disabling hearing disabilities face multiple levels of daily-life challenges where access to services and information remain difficult. In Lebanon, no data is available about the hard-of-hearing individuals. The aim of the study is to reflect the current situation of the Deaf community in Lebanon, to compare it with that of the general Lebanese population and propose practical ways to improve their national status and quality of care. A snowball sampling method was used to recruit
more » ... rd-of-hearing individuals over the age of eighteen, via institutions and schools for the Deaf. Participants were asked to anonymously fill a qualitative questionnaire, individually or in groups in the presence of interpreters. The analysis was descriptive, and 95% binomial exact confidence intervals were constructed to compare parameters with those of the general population. Deaf adults in Lebanon have poorer socioeconomic conditions, lower literacy levels and limited access to information. However, they appear to be physically healthier than the general population while presenting frequent mental health problems and facing discrimination and poorer access to services. There still is no valid data available about the Deaf community in Lebanon. Hard-of-hearing people remain underserved by the current Lebanese healthcare, education, employment and public systems.
doi:10.11648/j.ijo.20220801.11 fatcat:uvwhuv2uizbtxodkun27viafpm