Incidence and Predictors of Hospitalization in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: Results from the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry Study [post]

Zhaojie Dong, Xin Du, Shangxin Lu, Chao Jiang, Shijun Xia, Liu He, Xin Su, Zhaoxu Jia, Deyong Long, Caihua Sang, Ribo Tang, Nian Liu (+4 others)
2020 unpublished
Background: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) underwent a high risk of hospitalization, which, however, has not been paid much attention in clinic. Therefore, we aimed to assess the incidence, causes and predictors of hospitalization in AF patients.Methods: From August 2011 to December 2017, 20,172 AF patients from the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry (China-AF) Study were enrolled in this study. We described the incidence, causes of hospitalization according to age and gender
more » ... s. The Cox proportional hazards model was employed to identify predictors of first all-cause and first cause-specific hospitalization. Results: After a mean follow-up of 37.3 ± 20.4 months, 7,512 (37.2%) AF patients experienced one or more hospitalizations. The overall incidence of all-cause hospitalization was 24.0 per 100 patient-years. Patients aged < 65 years were predominantly hospitalized for AF (42.1% of the total frequency of hospitalizations); while patients aged 65-74 and ≥ 75 years were mainly hospitalized for non-cardiovascular diseases (43.6% and 49.3%, respectively). Multivariate Cox model analysis verified the higher risk of hospitalization in patients complicated with heart failure (HF)[hazard ratio (HR) 1.15, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-1.24], established coronary artery disease (CAD) (HR 1.26, 95%CI 1.19-1.34), ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) (HR 1.26, 95%CI 1.18-1.33), diabetes (HR 1.16, 95%CI 1.10-1.22), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (HR 1.41, 95%CI 1.13-1.76), gastrointestinal disorder (HR 1.39, 95%CI 1.23-1.58), and renal dysfunction (HR 1.31, 95%CI 1.16-1.48). Conclusions: More than one-third of AF patients included in this study were hospitalized at least once during almost 3 years of follow-up. The main cause for hospitalization among elderly patients (≥65 years) is non-cardiovascular diseases rather than AF. Multidisciplinary management of comorbidities should be advocated as strategies to reduce hospitalization in AF patients.Clinical Trial Registration: URL: http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=5831. Unique identifier: ChiCTR-OCH-13003729.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-123416/v1 fatcat:leuusrgq3vdebib3wkc47nnslu