Controlled Delivery of Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 from Bioactive Glass-Incorporated Alginate-Poloxamer/Silk Fibroin Hydrogels

Qing Min, Xiaofeng Yu, Jiaoyan Liu, Yuchen Zhang, Ying Wan, Jiliang Wu
2020 Pharmaceutics  
Thermosensitive alginate–poloxamer (ALG–POL) copolymer with an optimal POL content was synthesized, and it was used to combine with silk fibroin (SF) for building ALG–POL/SF hydrogels with dual network structure. Mesoporous bioactive glass (BG) nanoparticles (NPs) with a high level of mesoporosity and large pore size were prepared and they were employed as a vehicle for loading insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). IGF-1-loaded BG NPs were embedded into ALG–POL/SF hydrogels to achieve the
more » ... o achieve the controlled delivery of IGF-1. The resulting IGF-1-loaded BG/ALG–POL/SF gels were found to be injectable with their sol-gel transition near physiological temperature and pH. Rheological measurements showed that BG/ALG–POL/SF gels had their elastic modulus higher than 5kPa with large ratio of elastic modulus to viscous modulus, indicative of their mechanically strong features. The dry BG/ALG–POL/SF gels were seen to be highly porous with well-interconnected pore characteristics. The gels loaded with varied amounts of IGF-1 showed abilities to administer IGF-1 release in approximately linear manners for a few weeks while effectively preserving the bioactivity of encapsulated IGF-1. Results suggest that such constructed BG/ALG–POL/SF gels can function as a promising injectable biomaterial for bone tissue engineering applications.
doi:10.3390/pharmaceutics12060574 pmid:32575684 fatcat:ff3m75rddbaxxmwujh6dxjsjom