The expression of Abl interactor 2 in leiomyoma and myometrium and regulation by GnRH analogue and transforming growth factor-β

Xiaoping Luo, Eric Levens, R. Stan Williams, Nasser Chegini
2006 Human Reproduction  
BACKGROUND: Abelson (Abl) interactor 2 (Abi-2) has been considered as a key regulator of cell/tissue structural organization and is differentially expressed in leiomyomas. The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of Abi-2 in leiomyoma/myometrium during the menstrual cycle and following GnRH analogue (GnRHa) therapy, as well as regulation by transforming growth factor (TGF)-b1 in leiomyoma and myometrial smooth muscle cells (LSMC and MSMC). METHODS: We used real-time PCR,
more » ... eal-time PCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry to determine the expression of Abi-2 in paired leiomyoma and myometrium (n = 27) from proliferative (n = 8) and secretory (n = 12) phases of the menstrual cycle and from patients who received GnRHa therapy (n = 7). Time-dependent action of TGF-b1 (2.5 ng/ml) and GnRHa (0.1 mM) on Abi-2 expression was determined in LSMC and MSMC. RESULTS: Leiomyomas express elevated levels of Abi-2 as compared with myometrium from the proliferative but not the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle, with a significant reduction following GnRHa therapy (P < 0.05). (0.1 mM) in a time-and celldependent manner, and pretreatment with Smad3 SiRNA and U0126, an MEK-1/2 inhibitor, respectively, reversed their actions. CONCLUSION: Based on the menstrual cycle-dependent expression, the influence of GnRHa therapy, and regulation by TGF-b in LSMC/MSMC, we conclude that Abi-2 may have a key regulatory function in leiomyomas cellular/tissue structural organization during growth and regression. Western blotting showed a similar trend in Abi-2 protein expression in leiomyoma/myometrial tissue extracts, which was immunolocalized in LSMC and MSMC, connective tissue fibroblasts and arterial walls. The expression of Abi-2 in LSMC and MSMC was increased by TGF-b1 (2.5 ng/ml) and was inhibited by GnRHa
doi:10.1093/humrep/del011 pmid:16488906 fatcat:crb225umvnhgzb3vlaeuplywd4