The development of reading skills in a sample of Portuguese normal readers and dyslexic children

Lénia Sofia de Almeida Carvalhais, Carlos Fernandes da Silva
2009 L1-Educational Studies in Language and Literature  
The aim of this article is to discuss the theoretical issues behind reading processes, the relation between this skill and dyslexia, and to present some results from a pseudowords reading test with Portuguese children. Developmental dyslexia is a specific learning disability characterized by difficulty in learning to read, and there is strong evidence that dyslexia is related to underlying deficiencies in phonological skills. Phonological deficits establish robust differences between dyslexic
more » ... between dyslexic and normal readers and, according to the theoretical background, phonological awareness can be assessed with pseudowords tests. In this study, we applied the Pseudo words Reading Test, one of twenty tests of the Battery of Tests to Assess Developmental Dyslexia (BADD) constructed to assess dyslexia in Portuguese children between 7 and 12 years old. We gave the Pseudo words Reading Test to 555 Portuguese children, aged 8 to 12. Fifty-seven of these children had been previously assessed by other professionals as dyslexics. We tried to verify how factors like age, gender and learning disabilities influence the acuity in pseudo words reading and if this test can be used to assist in an early diagnosis of developmental dyslexia. The results prove that there are significant differences between dyslexic children and normal readers in reading pseudo words in Portuguese language.
doi:10.17239/l1esll-2009.09.04.06 fatcat:widfozpidbhptccxge67rhg35a