Geochemical Modelling of the Evolution of Caprock Sealing Capacity at the Shenhua CCS Demonstration Project

Guodong Yang, Xin Ma, Tao Feng, Ying Yu, Shuguo Yin, Mian Huang, Yongsheng Wang
2020 Minerals  
CO2 geological storage is considered as an important measure to reduce anthropogenic CO2 emissions to the atmosphere for addressing climate change. The key prerequisite for long-term CO2 geological storage is the sealing capacity of caprock. This study investigates the evolution of sealing capacity of caprock induced by geochemical reactions among CO2, water and caprock using TOUGHREACT code based on the Heshanggou Formation mudstone at the Shenhua Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) demonstration
more » ... site of China. The results show that the self-sealing phenomenon occurs in the lower part of the caprock dominated by the precipitation of dawsonite, magnesite, siderite, Ca-smectite and illite. While the self-dissolution occurs in the upper part of caprock mainly due to the dissolution of kaolinite, K-feldspar, chlorite and Ca-smectite. Sensitivity analyses indicate that the precipitation of dawsonite, magnesite, siderite is highly advantageous leading to self-sealing of caprock, with albite and chlorite dissolution providing Na+, Mg2+ and Fe2+. The dissolution of K-feldspar dominates illite precipitation by providing required K+, and albite affects Ca-smectite precipitation. The self-sealing and self-dissolution of caprock are enhanced significantly with increasing temperature, while the effect of salinity on caprock sealing capacity is negligible perhaps due to the low salinity level of formation water.
doi:10.3390/min10111009 fatcat:iwxe57yrcvewnocjqrrq575som