Prevalence of Glycemic Status, Obesity & Waist Circumference in Punjabi Type 2 Diabetics
Journal of Exercise Science and Physiotherapy
Aim-To observe the prevalence of glycemic status, obesity and waist circumference in Punjabi male Type 2 Diabetics. Materials & Methods-Two hundred forty type 2 diabetics Punjabi males with age ranging from 30 to 70 years volunteered to participate in this study as subjects. The glycemic status (fasting blood sugar & glycated haemoglobin, HbA1c), obesity (BMI) & waist circumference (WC) were recorded with standard procedures. WHO criteria determined BMI and WC categories. The statistical
... s was done by using SPSS version 16.0 and the level of significance was <.05. Results-The mean age, height, weight, fasting blood sugar (FBS), glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) of studied type 2 diabetics were 50.75±11.4 years, 166.69±7.6cm, 75.88±11.8Kg, 146.37±28.6 (mg/dl), 7.34±1.2 (%), 27.29±3.6 and 102.82±8.0 (cm) respectively. Based on fasting blood sugar, 10.4% studied type 2 diabetics had normoglycemia (FBS≤120mg/dl), 89.6% were hyperglycemia (FBS≥120mg/dl). Based on glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), 25.4% studied type 2 diabetics had good control of blood sugar (HbA1c≤6.5), 30.4% were average control (HbA1c 6.5-7.5), 26.7% were poor control (HbA1c 7.5-8.5) and 17.5% were morbid control. Based on BMI, 26.7%, study type 2 diabetics were normal, 55% wer overweight, 14.5% was obese Class I, 3% were Obese Class II and 1.8% were Obese Class III. Based on waist circumference of the sample population of type 2 diabetics 10.9% were obese, 24.1% had increased risk for metabolic syndrome [action level I (WC ≥ 94cm)] and 61.7% had substantially increased risk [action level II (WC ≥102cm)]. Conclusion-it was concluded that prevalence of poor glycemic control and obesity exist but obesity and overweight were more prevalent in Punjabi Type 2 diabetics.