Edge dislocation core structures in FCC metals determined fromab initiocalculations combined with the improved Peierls–Nabarro equation
We have employed the improved Peierls-Nabarro (P-N) equation to study the properties of 1/2<110> edge dislocation in 111 plane in FCC metals Al, Cu, Ir, Pd, and Pt. The generalized-stacking-fault energy (GSFE) surface entering the equation is calculated by using first-principles density functional theory (DFT). The accuracy of the method has been tested by calculating values for various stacking fault energies which favorably compare with the previous theoretical and experimental results. The
... re structures, including the core widths both of the edge and screw components, dissociation behavior for edge dislocations have been investigated. The dissociated distance between two partials for Al in our calculation agrees well with the values obtained from the numeric simulation with DFT and molecular dynamics simulation, as well as experiment. Our calculations show that it is preferred to create partial dislocation in Cu, and to be easily observed full dislocation in Al, Ir, Pd, and especially Pt.