Current advances in the treatment of autoimmune-associated interstitial lung diseases

Sunggun Lee, Jae Ha Lee
2021 Journal of Korean Medical Association  
Autoimmune-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a widespread and clinically significant form of autoimmune diseases. ILD can be present in most type of autoimmune diseases. Scleroderma, Sjogren syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory myositis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and mixed connective tissue disease are all examples of autoimmune disorders that can cause ILD. Treatment and prognosis vary from that of other forms of ILD depending on the etiology and pathogenesis of the
more » ... ogenesis of the autoimmune disease. As a result, glucocorticoids and immunosuppressive agents are the mainstays of treatment for autoimmune-associated ILD, despite the fact that there is little high-level evidence to guide the treatment owing to limited data from randomized controlled trials. Immunosuppressive agents including cyclophosphamide, tacrolimus, azathioprine, and mycophenolate mofetil can be used to reduce the dose of glucocorticoids and the inflammatory cascade and inhibit various pro-inflammatory cytokines. Studies have also started alternative therapeutic approaches, such as biological and antifibrotic agents, and traditional immunosuppressive agents. In this review, we summarize available treatment options and recent advances in therapeutic strategies for patients with autoimmune-associated ILD.
doi:10.5124/jkma.2021.64.4.264 fatcat:mpbhwhtiebcztbwypxlpq5t3ci