V. A. Korneva, T. Yu. Kuznetsova, N. N. Natal'ya N. Vezikova
2020 Eurasian heart journal  
Aim: to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the use of evolocumab in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH).Materials and methods: Fifteen patients with a definite FH were treated with PCSK9 inhibitors, in 11 patients with a history of CAD. Eight patients (53.3%) received evolocumab (Repata) subcutaneously 140 mg once every 2 weeks, their average age was 51.4±2.3 years, 6 men. Lipid spectrum, ALT, AST, creatinine, glucose, Lp (a) were evaluated after 3, 6, 12 and 18 months, the ECG
more » ... months, the ECG and the clinical picture were monitored. Evolocumab was prescribed in connection with the failure to achieve the target LDL. Before the start of therapy, 7 patients received statins, 5 statins with ezetemib, 1 patient did not receive lipid-lowering therapy due to intolerance. The target LDL levels were considered: for very high risk patients less than 1.4 mmol/L, high risk – less than 1.8 mmol/L. Statistical processing of the material was performed using STATISTICA10.0.Results: On the background of evolocumab therapy, the average level of LDL after 3 months of therapy decreased by 56.4% (from 3.9±0.3 to 1.71±0.2 mmol/L), the effect persisted after a year. All patients did not stop the therapy; there were no side effects, including local ones. Target LDL was achieved in 62.5% of patients, the average LDL level after 3 months of therapy decreased by 56.4% in patients from the initial, including the case of monotherapy with evolocumab. The Lp (a) level during therapy decreased by 30%.Conclusions: Evolocumab allows to increase the achievement of the target LDL level on 40% in FH patients; target LDL level was achieved in 62.5%. LDL decreased after 3 months by 56.4%, remaining stable with prolonged therapy. The decrease in Lp(a) reached 30%. Evolocumab therapy was characterized by high adherence and the absence of side effects.
doi:10.38109/2225-1685-2020-2-42-47 fatcat:yjphtdsonra5xbzu2a734x2jkq