Questionnaire Survey about Liver Disease and Lifestyle for Audience of the Regional Seminar
Advanced Research in Gastroenterology & Hepatology
We have held a regional education seminar (Seminars for Digestive Disease) for gastrointestinal disease patients, their families and other general participants for over 10 years. In this study, a survey of seminar participants in 2015 evaluated the relationship of dietary habits and lifestyle to liver disease, and examined the value of the seminar. Materials and methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted on participants in the 24th Seminars for Digestive Disease about age, sex, height,
... sex, height, weight, diet, exercise habits, smoking habits, tooth brushing and dental visits. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate factors affecting the presence or absence of liver disease. Results: There were 132 participants, 72 of whom had liver disease. Compared to people without liver disease, the odds ratio of participants with liver disease who attended the seminars at least several times was 4.13 times higher (P<0.01). Among participants with liver disease, the odds ratio was 3.32 times higher (P<0.05) for those who scarcely skip meals, 4.94 times higher (P<0.01) for those who spent more than 5,000 yen a month for supplements, and 9.06 times higher (P<0.001) for those without a coffee drinking habit. Conclusion: By implementing the Seminars for Digestive Disease, patients exhibited behavioral changes that consciously implemented measures useful for improving dietary life and for preventing or treating liver diseases, thus demonstrating the usefulness of the seminars. However, because sufficient enlightenment activities have not penetrated into several items, we suggest the seminars should be continued in the future.