Latest Publications You Should Not Miss

2014 Forschende Komplementärmedizin  
Service Forsch Komplementmed 2014;21:424-426 Langhorst J, Frede A, Knott M, Pastille E, Buer J, Dobos GJ, Westendorf AM: Distinct kinetics in the frequency of peripheral CD4+ T cells in patients with ulcerative colitis experiencing a flare during treatment with mesalazine or with a herbal preparation of myrrh, chamomile, and coffee charcoal. PLoS One 2014;21:e104257. Background: We found the first evidence of the efficacy of a herbal treatment with myrrh, dry extract of chamomile flowers, and
more » ... mile flowers, and coffee charcoal for ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the impact of the herbal treatment on the CD4+ T-cell compartment, which is essential for both the induction of UC and the maintenance of tolerance in the gut, is not well understood. Aim: To analyze the frequency and functional phenotype of CD4+ T cells and of immune-suppressive CD4+CD25high regulatory T cells (Tregs) in healthy control subjects, patients with UC in remission, and patients with clinical flare of UC. Methods: Patients in clinical remission were treated with either mesalazine or the herbal preparation for 12 months. The frequencies of whole CD4+ T cells, CD4+CD25med effector T cells, and Tregs and the expression of Foxp3 within the CD4+CD25hig Tregs were determined by flow cytometry at 6 time points. We determined the suppressive capability of Tregs from healthy control subjects and from patients in remission or clinical flare. Results: A total of 79 patients (42 women, 37 men; mean age, 48.5 years; 38 with clinical flare) and 5 healthy control subjects were included in the study. At baseline the frequencies of whole CD4+ T cells, CD4+CD25med effector cells, and Tregs did not differ between the two treatment groups and the healthy control subjects. In addition, patients with UC in sustained clinical remission showed no alteration from baseline after 1, 3, 6, 9, or 12 months of either treatment. In contrast, CD4+ T cells, CD4+CD25med effector T cells, and Tregs demonstrated distinctly different patterns at time points pre-flare and flare. The mesalazine group showed a continuous but not statistically significant increase from base-
doi:10.1159/000371683 fatcat:pk52lkzfarbz5ga65de3adzwla