Perspective: Optical spectroscopy in π-conjugated polymers and how it can be used to determine multiscale polymer structures

William Barford, Max Marcus
2017 Journal of Chemical Physics  
Exciton delocalization in conjugated polymer systems is determined by polymer conformations and packing. Since exciton delocalization determines the photoluminescent vibronic progression, optical spectroscopy provides an indirect link to polymer multiscale structures. This perspective describes our current theoretical understanding of how exciton delocalization in π-conjugated polymers determines their optical spectroscopy and further shows how exciton delocalization is related to
more » ... and environmental disorder. If the multiscale structures in conjugated polymer systems are known, then using first-principles modeling of excitonic processes it is possible to predict a wide-range of spectroscopic observables. We propose a reverse-engineering protocol of using these experimental observables in combination with theoretical and computational modeling to determine the multiscale polymers structures, thus establishing quantitative structure-function predictions. Published by AIP Publishing. [http://dx.
doi:10.1063/1.4979495 pmid:28390390 fatcat:brhjzyis3rhylkh3we2axqppae