Spatio-Temporal Distribution of Diseases and Healthcare Facilities in Sonitpur District of Assam
International Journal of Current Research and Review
The environmental factors of Sonitpur district are highly responsible for the frequent occurrence of diseases like Malaria, Japanese Encephalitis, Diarrhea, Viral Hepatitis, Dysentery, Enteric Fever and the like. The district witnessed the frequent occurrence of such diseases from time to time. Within the district, there has been a spatial distribution of such diseases from one health block to another. Moreover, the distribution of health institutions or medical facilities like Hospitals, CHCs,
... PHCs and Health Sub-Centers is not uniform throughout the region. Some parts of the region have more health institutions, while some others have less number of the same. Objectives: The main intention of the study is to examine the spread of diseases and associated factors. The work also takes care to co-relate the spread of diseases and inadequacy of medical facilities in the Sonitpur district of Assam. Methods: The whole study is mainly based on secondary data. In a few cases, internet links are also taken into consideration for detail analytical study. The study will explain the trend of certain diseases and associated factors in the region. Moreover, an analysis of the existing health care facilities will give an idea about the availability and adequacy or otherwise of the same in the district. Results: The study revealed that health blocks with less number of health institutions are characterized by the higher frequency of diseases like Diarrhea, Hepatitis etc. The health institutions of the same are also facing high population pressure due to the deficiency of health institutions. Conclusion: The entire study has given an idea about the disease pattern in different health blocks of the region. The study also reflects the adequacy as well as deficiency of health infrastructure in the study area. The study will help the Medical Geographers as well as other health experts to take crucial steps for better health planning in the region.