Alkali-Activated Binders Based on Tungsten Mining Waste and Electric-Arc-Furnace Slag: Compressive Strength and Microstructure Properties

Naim Sedira, João Castro-Gomes
2020 CivilEng  
The valorization and reusing of mining waste has been widely studied in recent years. Research has demonstrated that there is great potential for reusing mining waste for construction applications. This work experimentally investigated the strength development, pore structure, and microstructure of a binary alkali-activated binder. This is based on tungsten mining waste mud (TMWM) and electric-arc-furnace slag (EAF-Slag) using different proportions of TMWM (10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 vt.%). The
more » ... d 50 vt.%). The precursors were activated using sodium silicate (Na2SiO3) and potassium hydroxide (KOH 8M) as alkaline activator solution with solid:liquid weight ratio = 3. Pastes were used to assess the compressive strength of the blended binder and their microstructure. The reaction products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), and Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR) spectroscopy, while the porosity and the pores size properties were examined by mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP). The results show that the partial replacement of TMWM with EAF-Slag exhibited better mechanical properties than the 100TM-AAB. A maximum strength value of 20.1 MPa was obtained in the binary-AAB sample prepared with 50 vt.% TMWM and EAF-Slag. The pastes that contained a higher dosage of EAF-Slag became more compact with lower porosity and finer pore-size distribution. In addition, the results obtained by SEM-EDS confirmed the formation of different types of reaction products in the 100TM-AAB, 100FS-AAB, and the binary-AABs mixtures such as N-A-S-H, C-A-S-H and (N, C)-A-S-H gels frameworks in the system as the major elements detected are Si, Al, Ca, and Na.
doi:10.3390/civileng1020010 fatcat:lulbnswpengw5e7g7fotwmtx2a