Comparison of empirical and predicted ultraviolet aircraft signatures

Itor James, Mark Richardson, Eoin O'Keefe
2019 Optical Engineering: The Journal of SPIE  
In light of the potential threat to aircraft from missiles using Ultra Violet (UV) wavebands, it is important to understand the signature of an aircraft and how this can be predicted. This study compares empirical UV signature data to modelled data from CAMouflage Electro-Optical SIMulation (CAMEOSIM) to determine how well the contrast between the object and the background can be predicted using local knowledge of the atmosphere. CAMEOSIM uses the standard MODerate resolution atmospheric
more » ... atmospheric TRANsmission (MODTRAN) model to estimate the radiative transfer through the atmosphere. Both MODTRAN and CAMEOSIM are well validated in visible and infrared wavebands and MODTRAN can accurately predict UV radiative transfer. Unfortunately, the work so far has concentrated on bulk transfer to describe the sky background in the UV where the aircraft scene is typically a negative contrast 'hole' in a positive sky background. Importantly, path-to-path scattering is a key consideration in this scene since it is this that will tend to blur the edges of an object and reduce the contrast associated with it. A developed understanding of the limitations is required. It was determined that prediction was possible up to ranges of 5km. The local visibility (in km) was required for this prediction.
doi:10.1117/1.oe.58.2.025103 fatcat:hc4chcixfjbatbbbpbe2ukdswi