How Do Brain Areas Communicate During the Processing of Noxious Stimuli? An Analysis of Laser-Evoked Event-Related Potentials Using the Granger Causality Index

Thomas Weiss, Wolfram Hesse, Mihaela Ungureanu, Holger Hecht, Lutz Leistritz, Herbert Witte, Wolfgang H. R. Miltner
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="American Physiological Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Journal of Neurophysiology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Several imaging techniques have identified different brain areas involved in the processing of noxious stimulation and thus in the constitution of pain. However, only little is known how these brain areas communicate with one another after activation by stimulus processing and which areas directionally affect or modulate the activity of succeeding areas. One measure for the analysis of such interactions is represented by the Granger Causality Index (GCI). In applying time-varying bivariate and
more &raquo; ... artial variants of this concept (tvGCI), the aim of the present study was to investigate the interaction of neural activities between a set of scalp electrodes that best represent the brain electrical neural activity of major cortical areas involved in the processing of noxious laser-heat stimuli and their variation in time. Bivariate and partial tvGCIs were calculated within four different intervals of laser-evoked event-related potentials (LEPs) including a baseline period prior to stimulus application and three intervals immediately following stimulus application, i.e., between 170 and 200 ms (at the N2 component), between 260 and 320 ms (P2 component), and between 320 and 400 ms (P3 component of LEPs). Results show some similarities, but also some striking differences between bivariate and partial tvGCIs. These differences might be explained by the nature of bivariate and partial tvGCIs. However, both tvGCI approaches revealed a directed interaction between medial and lateral electrodes of the centroparietal region. This result was interpreted as a directed interaction between the anterior cingulate cortex and the secondary somatosensory cortex and the insula, structures that are significantly involved in the constitution of pain.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.1152/jn.00912.2007</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:18337366</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:oawsqxdzijfppeyymdlyy4n3s4</a> </span>
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