Cellular Automata: Reversibility, Semi-reversibility and Randomness [article]

Kamalika Bhattacharjee
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this dissertation, we study two of the global properties of 1-dimensional cellular automata (CAs) under periodic boundary condition, namely, reversibility and randomness. To address reversibility of finite CAs, we develop a mathematical tool, named reachability tree, which can efficiently characterize those CAs. A decision algorithm is proposed using minimized reachability tree which takes a CA rule and size n as input and verifies whether the CA is reversible for that n. To decide
more » ... ity of a finite CA, we need to know both the rule and the CA size. However, for infinite CAs, reversibility is decided based on the local rule only. Therefore, apparently, these two cases seem to be divergent. This dissertation targets to construct a bridge between these two cases. To do so, reversibility of CAs is redefined and the notion of semi-reversible CAs is introduced. Hence, we propose a new classification of finite CAs -(1) reversible CAs, (2) semi-reversible CAs and (3) strictly irreversible CAs. Finally, relation between reversibility of finite and infinite CAs is established. This dissertation also explores CAs as source of randomness and build pseudo-random number generators (PRNGs) based on CAs. We identify a list of properties for a CA to be a good source of randomness. Two heuristic algorithms are proposed to synthesize candidate (decimal) CAs which have great potentiality as PRNGs. Two schemes tare developed o use these CAs as window-based PRNGs - (1) as decimal number generators and as (2) binary number generators. We empirically observe that in comparison to the best PRNG SFMT19937-64, average performance of our proposed PRNGs are slightly better. Hence, our decimal CAs based PRNGs are one of the best PRNGs today.
arXiv:1911.03609v1 fatcat:522xu4usonfdbguuckurl4eeqi